Article 7321

Title of the article

Three scenarios of the investigation and organization of the trial in the case of the Minister of State Security of the USSR V.S. Abakumov 

Authors

Oleg B. Mozokhin, Doctor of historical sciences, leading researcher, Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences (19 Dmitriya Ulyanova street, Moscow, Russia), E-mail: mozohin@bk.ru 

Index UDK

94(47).084.8 

DOI

10.21685/2072-3024-2021-3-7 

Abstract

Background. The relevance of the study is determined by the need for a comprehensive objective analysis of the Politburo activities of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) – the Central Committee of the CPSU on the investigation’s falsification of the case of the Minister of State Security (MGB) of the USSR V.S. Abakumov. The publication aims to reflect the process of both the investigation and the court in this case. Materials and methods. The implementation of research tasks was achieved through the use of documents from the Archives of the President of the Russian Federation and the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History. The methodological potential includes the philosophical principles of dialectics, namely objectivity, scientific nature, comprehensiveness, the unity of the historical, logical, etc. Their implementation helped to study documentary sources related to the case of V.S. Abakumov. Results. On the basis of the documents of the Archives of the President of the Russian Federation and the Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History, for the first time introduced into scientific circulation, information about the process of investigation and trial in the case of Abakumov is published. Conclusions. The charges against V.S. Abakumov were constantly changing. During the investigation, three indictments were prepared in his case, and the individual conclusions of each subsequent conclusion sometimes contradicted the previous one. The scenario for each subsequent indictment changed depending on who was in power at that time. The trial in the case of Abakumov was also well prepared. It took place in the presence of only party activists. The composition of the court was agreed, and politically proven lawyers were selected. At present, it is quite obvious that it was the first persons of the state, I.V. Stalin, G.M. Malenkov and L.P. Beria, who, for one reason or another, influenced the initiation of the investigation in the state security bodies. V.S. Abakumov is a zealous executor of the will of “their masters”, first of all Stalin and Beria. 

Key words

MGB of USSR, V.S. Abakumov, violation of the law, investigation, court, I.V. Stalin, L.P. Beria, G.M. Malenkov 

 

 Download PDF

References

1. Mozokhin O.B. The reasons for the arrest of the Minister of State Security V.S. Abakumov. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Povolzhskiy region. Gumanitarnye nauki = University proceedings. Volga region. Humanities. 2021;(2):79–92. (In Russ.)
2. Lubyanka. Organy VChK–OGPU–NKVD–NKGB–MGB–MVD–KGB (1917–1991): spravochnik = Lubyanka. Bodies of the Vchk – OGPU – NKVD – NKGB – MGB – MVD – KGB (1917–1991): reference book. Moscow, 2003:776. (In Russ.)
3. Arkhiv Prezidenta Rossiyskoy Federatsii (AP RF). F. 3. Op. 58. D. 216. L. 1 = Archive of the President of the Russian Federation. Fund 3. Item 58. File 216. List 1. (In Russ.)
4. AP RF. F. 3. Op. 58. D. 10. = Archive of the President of the Russian Federation. Fund 3. Item 58. File 10. (In Russ.)
5. Lubyanka. Stalin i MGB SSSR. Mart 1946 – mart 1953: sb. dok. = Lubyanka. Stalin and the USSR Ministry of State Security. March 1946 – March 1953: collected reports. Moscow, 2007:937. (In Russ.)
6. Rossiyskiy gosudarstvennyy arkhiv sotsial'no-politicheskoy istorii (RGASPI). F. 17. Op. 171. D. 481 = Russian State Archive of Social and Political History. Fund 17. Item 171. File 481. (In Russ.)
7. RGASPI. F. 17. Op. 171. D. 467 = Russian State Archive of Social and Political History. Fund 17. Item 171. File 467. (In Russ.)
8. Politbyuro i delo Beriya: sb. dok. = Politburo and Beria’s case: a collection of documents. Moscow, 2012:1085. (In Russ.)
9. AP RF. F. 3. Op. 58. D. 224 = Archive of the President of the Russian Federation. Fund 3. Item 58. File 224. (In Russ.)
10. AP RF. F. 3. Op. 58. D. 225 = Archive of the President of the Russian Federation. Fund 3. Item 58. File 225. (In Russ.) 

 

Дата создания: 06.10.2021 13:55
Дата обновления: 06.10.2021 15:20